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SAMPLE GRANT PROPOSAL:  AIDS HIV PREVENTION
BACKGROUND
Target Area
The target area comprises low-income neighborhoods in Oakland, California.  Oakland is the
largest municipality (population 372,242) in Alameda County.  Alameda’s population is 17.8% African
American, and most of that population is concentrated in Oakland.¹  The population of Oakland is
43.9% black, 32.5% white and 23.6% other races/ethnicities.  18.8% of Oakland’s population live
below the federal poverty level.²  As Figure 1 indicates, poverty is particularly high in three areas of
town:  the northwest part of the city (“West Oakland”), an area in the middle of the city along Fruitvale
Avenue (“Fruitvale”), and an arc in the southeast part of the city described by 55th Avenue, MacArthur
Blvd, and 98th Avenue (“East Oakland”).  The city’s drug traffic and prostitution are concentrated in
these areas.³
1
Oakland accounts for only 29.1% of the county’s total population, but 71.3% of the county’s African American
population.
2
The above data are culled from the 1990 U.S. Census Data, Database C90STF3A.
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